World’s Natural Wonders

Sahara desert is the biggest hot desert in the world covering 8% of the whole land. When we think of Sahara desert we probably have that picture of the sand dunes in our heads, but the fact is that most of the Sahara is formed of gravel, not sand. The temperatures in the desert can get really high, unbearably hot, and there is rarely any rain falls in the Sahara, but there are places in the desert where you can find water. Oasis are formed around water, which comes from the underwater rivers that pop up on the surface. In these oases, hundreds of variety of plants can grow. People that actually live in Sahara work on the land in the oasis or have goats and camels. The truth about Sahara is that it’s not the biggest desert in the world, but the biggest HOT desert. The biggest one on the Earth is actually a cold one.

Yes, Antarctica is the biggest desert on the planet. Most of Antarctica is covered in ice, almost 98%. Despite the fact that 70% of the fresh water in the world comes from Antarctica, it is the driest continent and some parts haven’t had any rain or snow for more than a million years. It’s the coldest place on Earth where the lowest temperature ever measured was -90℃ with average summer temperatures of – 25℃. The average thickness of the ice blocks in Antarctica is about 2 km. If all of the ice melts, it will dramatically increase the sea level which will result in huge damage to the coastline. You can set your watch as you like in Antarctica. It’s the only continent without a time zone. There are no permanent residents in Antarctica and the visitors are tourists or scientists.

The Great Barrier Reef is the largest reef structure in the world. This ecosystem, more than a 2,300 km long comprises of separate corals and islands, that doesn’t represent one continuous reef. Coral reefs provide homes, shelter, and food to many fish species. It is home to a vast variety of fishes and rich marine life: thousands of fish species, hundreds of corals, more than hundred species of sharks and rays, marine turtles, and mammals. The most desirable diving spot, a divers paradise, located in Queensland, Australia the Great Barrier Reef is the largest living structure on Earth.

Located on the border between Nepal and Tibet, Mount Everest is the highest mountain peak of the Himalayan mountain range. At 8,848 m above sea level, it’s the highest mountain in the world. For many climbers and mountain lovers climbing the highest peak of the world would probably be their greatest desire and challenge. Thousands of people have succeeded in reaching the summit. In fact, some people have climbed on Mount Everest more than 20 times. The most dangerous aspect of the climbing on Mount Everest is not actually the climbing part or trying to reach the summit but trying to get back down. Sir Edmund Hillary and Sherpa Tenzing Norgay first conquered the mountain in 1953.

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Located in South America, the Amazon Rainforest is the largest tropical rainforest in the world covering 5.5 million km². Tropical rainforests are ecosystems characterized by being warm and wet. Rainforests are the lung of the planet because of their ability to absorb the carbon dioxide and transform it into oxygen. By providing rainfalls all over the world help in maintaining the water cycle on the earth. The Amazon River in South America is the largest river by discharge volume of water in the world.  There are tribes living in the Amazon Rainforest that don’t have any contact with the outside world. Truly it is an enormous space of vegetation and natural resources for which we know about 20 %. So, the Amazon Rainforest stays a mystery to us not yet revealed. We still don’t know what’s actually hiding there.

The Serengeti is an ecosystem located in Africa that is home to the largest mass movement of land mammals in the world, more than a million and a half. From Serengeti in Tanzania to Maasai in Kenya, and back, these animals migrate in search for food and greener land. The best spots for sighting the animals would be in dry seasons, around the water. One of the most dangerous parts of their movement is while crossing rivers when they become easy prey for the hippos and crocodiles hiding in the water. The dry season, June to October offers the best wildlife sighting with the Great Migration of the wildebeest as its absolute highlight. The timing of the migration varies every year and the best chance of seeing would be during June and July.

Formed by the erosion of the Colorado River in Arizona, US, with 445 km in length and 29 km deep the Grand Canyon is quite an astonishing natural wonder. It has a big enough reason to be visited by more than 5 million people yearly. A canyon is a deep valley with steep rock sides and often a stream or river flowing through, making the Grand Canyon a quite remarkable example of one of a kind. Indian tribes live in the Grand Canyon National Park and it is home to dozens of different animal species. Although it may not be the longest or biggest canyon in the world, the awe-inspiring landscapes and natural beauty contribute to the fact that this worldwide known place arises interest in so many people throughout the world. Undoubtedly touring the Grand Canyon is a once in a lifetime experience.

Aurora Borealis commonly known as Northern Lights is a natural phenomenon that comes to a life when earth’s magnetic field interacts with charged particles from the sun. That’s when the beautiful dazzling lights are formed quite lively dancing in the sky at night, in different vibrant fluorescent colors, most often a green or yellow, rarely purple. One of the best experiences in one man’s life. They can come up day or night, but when the night is dark, away from the cities light pollution is when you’ll get a chance for the real Northern Light experience. You’ll have to be in one of these countries though: Iceland, Greenland, Canada, Siberia, Alaska or one of the Scandinavian countries.

On the border between Zimbabwe and Zambia in Southern Africa, is where the biggest waterfalls on Earth, the Victoria Falls stand. Formed by the Zambezi river, the combination of the two, the length of 1.7 km and the height of 108 m make Victoria Falls to be considered the biggest waterfalls on the planet. During the wet season, in summer mounts, you can hike a trail or have a swim on top of the falls which isn’t a case in the wet season when the falls can be hardly seen because of the water. So, choose your season wisely.

The Paricutin volcano gains its popularity and justified spot among the World’s 7 Natural Wonders as the youngest volcano on Earth that was observed and witnessed by people from its birth to its last eruption and extinction. The scientists were able to study the birth, activity and the death of a volcano. This cinder cone volcano is located in state Michoacan in Mexico. The first eruption came into life in 1943 and afterward Paricutin continued to erupt in the following 8 years when finally in 1952 the eruptions came to an end.

The Harbor of Rio de Janeiro (named January River because it was discovered in the month of January) is located in Brazil, South America. The size of the harbor is 32 km and at the highest peak along Harbor, Corcovado at 700 m above sea level, is where the most famous Brazilian statue of the Christ the Redeemer stands. The harbor is the result of a great mountain chain the Serra do Mar meeting the sea. It can be viewed in so many ways that it appears differently. Because of that became one of the World’s 7 Natural Wonders.